Range of motion exercises, or ROM for short, are all about simply mobilizing each joint in your body. It is an important aspect of physical therapy but it is also something people do every single day without even realizing it.
- Passive ROM is a type of physical activity where a joint or limb is moved by another person. These exercises are particularly helpful in people with paralysis or injuries. These should only be performed by a trainer person or a medical professional.
Seeking professional Physical Therapy has many advantages in the face of an injury or a chronic condition including:
- Pain Management/ Avoid use/dependence on pain medication
- Prevent Injuries
- Avoid Surgeries
- Improve Mobility
- Improve Balance
- Help manage vascular conditions and diabetes
2. Active ROM is a movement that is performed 100 percent by the person so they involve no assistance by a physical therapist. In the situation of an injury or restriction, you should always ask a medical professional for guidance before attempting these. For many people, active range of motion has many benefits including:
- Improving joint mobility
- Improving overall flexibility
- Decreasing chronic pain
- increase blood flow
Range of Motion exercises are great for people who have not been very active recently and want to ease back into exercising. They are also helpful if you have a sedentary lifestyle or job. Common movements in joint range of motion therapy include flexion, extension, abduction and adduction.
There are multiple factors that can contribute to limited range of motion:
- Joint articulation
- Connective tissue
- Muscle or fat bulk